The COVID-19 pandemic is the latest crisis facing the world. Still, unless humans release their grip on nature, it won't be the last, states the UNDP's Human Development Report 'The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene,' which covers 189 countries and territories. The new report depicts a more realistic and less rosy picture of human development, thanks to an experimental new lens of the planetary pressures (measured through emissions of carbon dioxide and materials’ use footprint) connected to the Human Development Index (HDI). The result is a new Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI or PHDI, which shows how the global development landscape changes if we connect human development to the impact on the planet: more than 50 countries drop out of the very high human development category, as they have a strong dependence on fossil fuels and material footprint. Simultaneously, countries like Costa Rica, Moldova, and Panama move up by 30 positions due to a smaller planetary pressure.
'Human-led impacts are eroding opportunities, destroying livelihoods, and deepening inequalities. The report considers the different ways in which societies can make different choices. It aims to open a debate about how we can use our power to create a better future, and expand human freedoms in balance with the planet. Report's unique contribution is an approach to development with humans at the center but in balance with the planet,' stated Ms. Steliana Nedera, UNDP Resident Representative in BiH.
The next frontier for human development will require working with and not against nature. We do this by transforming social norms and values, incentives and regulations, and using more nature-based solutions, the report argues. For example, new estimates project that by 2100 the world's poorest countries could experience up to 100 more days of extreme weather each year due to climate change. This number could be cut in half if the Paris Agreement on climate change is fully implemented. The Human Development Report shows that no country in the world has yet achieved very high human development without putting immense strain on the planet. It lays out a stark choice for world leaders - take bold steps to reduce the tremendous pressure that is being exerted on the environment and the natural world, or humanity's progress will stall.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite measure for assessing long-term progress in three basic human development dimensions: a long and healthy life, access to education, and a decent living standard. Bosnia and Herzegovina is positioned as 73 out of 189 countries and territories with the 0.780 HDI value for 2019, which puts the country in the high human development category. In the past 20 years, Bosnia and Herzegovina's HDI value increased by almost 15 percent, from 0.679 in 2000 to 0.780 in 2019. During that period, Bosnia and Herzegovina's life expectancy at birth increased by 6.5 years, years of schooling increased by 2.8 years, and expected years of schooling increased by 2.2 years. Bosnia and Herzegovina's 2019 HDI of 0.780 is above the average of 0.753 for countries in the high human development group and below the average of 0.791 for countries in Europe and Central Asia. Slovenia is the highest-ranked of neighboring countries at the 22nd place, followed by Croatia (43), Montenegro (48), and Serbia (64), also in the group of countries with very high human development. Bosnia and Herzegovina is at 73rd place and is in the group of countries with high human development with Albania (69) and Northern Macedonia (82).
To learn more about the 2020 Human Development Report and UNDP's analysis on the experimental Planetary Pressures-Adjusted HDI, visit http://hdr.undp.org/en/2020-report