UN Floods Recovery Programme
"Danas Za Nas"
During May 2014, heavy rains fell over Bosnia and Herzegovina, causing massive flooding in northern, eastern and central parts of the country bordering with Croatia and Serbia. The floods were the worst in 120 years and have brought enormous destruction in a country that is still recovering from consequences of the 1992-95 war and where significant groups of population suffer from chronic poverty and unemployment.
The natural disaster affected a quarter of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and approximately one million people, which is approximately 27% of the country’s population of 3.8 million. Nearly 50% of local governments were hit by the floods, among them 46 suffered severe damage and destruction, where urban, industrial and rural areas were completely flooded with water, cut off and without electricity, water or communications for days. Consequently, houses, infrastructure, schools, hospitals, private facilities, farms and crops were wiped out, causing deterioration of public services, local economy and agriculture activities.
The UN Floods Recovery Programme “Danas Za Nas” started in July 2014, right after the humanitarian response phase, aiming to reestablish normal living conditions, preserve jobs, support local economies and increase disaster resilience in more than 60 communities most affected by the floods. Financed by 28 bilateral donors, this USD 22,6 million worth programme is coordinated by UNDP and implemented by the UN agencies: UNDP, UNFPA, FAO, UNICEF and UNESCO.
The bilateral funding of "Danas za nas" consists of the following 28 donors: Norway, USAID, Japan, RS Government, ECHO, United Kingdom, France, Serbia, FBiH Fund for Flood Recovery, Switzerland, FBiH Fund for Environmental Protection, FBiH Ministry for Spatial Planning, UNDP BPPS Thematic Trust Fund, Austria, SIDA, Zenica-Doboj Canton, municipal contributions, Novak Đoković Foundation, GEF/Biomass and SRRP UNDP, Belgium, Slovakia, RS Fund for Environmental Protection, NGO Open Network, UNDP Core, Czech Republic, UNEP/Czech Republic/GEF, Romania and UN Women.
The “Danas Za Nas” programming of bilateral funding focused on the following intervention areas:
- Livelihoods support that consisted of Cash for work, the distribution of livestock feed, bovine vaccines, wheat seeds and greenhouses.
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene projects (WASH)
- Rehabilitation of health centers through procurement of the necessary medical equipment and medical vehicles.
- Reconstruction and refurbishment of two elderly centers with modern and adequate equipment for healthy ageing.
- Stabilisation of landslides through donation of drainage pipes and geo nets in the selected municipalities.
- Rehabilitation of the central heating system in Doboj.
- Rehabilitation of infrastructure through reconstuction of local bridges.
- Improving the value chain in the dairy industry of the Zenica-Doboj Canton.
- Reconstruction and rehabilitation of public institutions, including schools, hospitals, kindergartens, cultural centres, libraries, and theaters.
- Assistance to social inclusion process through financing the refurbishment of school and sport playgrounds and the organisation of summer camps for children from the flooded areas.
Recovery Phase Breakdown per Donor
1. Livelihoods support
Cash for work
“Cash for work” is considered as one of the most efficient methods for mitigating vulnerability in the immediate recovery phase. Most affected municipalities received grants for quick-employment programme to deal with the most socially vulnerable categories. The goal is to mobilize local population, those registered as unemployed, through the short-term employment initiatives to support the process of cleaning and restoring the municipalities affected by floods and landslides. Beneficiaries were selected in co-operation with municipalities and local unemployment centers.
Some beneficiaries' teams were engaged to work on larger construction sites – creating space for refurbishment of schools, medical centers and other basic community infrastructure. The pay level was set at 50 BAM gross per day and applied consistently across municipalities. 595 individuals were supported through “Cash for work” component in the municipalities of Vareš, Domaljevac Šamac, Šamac, Olovo, Teslić and Maglaj.
Distribution of Livestock feed, bovine vaccines, wheat seeds and greenhouses
Due to the floods of May 2014, the farmers in the flooded areas lost their harvest/crop for the season, and this created the need for other sources of animal feed. The assessment showed a lack of current stock of animal feed and the necessary intervention area of "Danas za Nas".
To date, 1,258 families in the rural and most vulnerable communities were supported through procurement and distribution of animal feed. The locations covered by UNDP were: Bijeljina, Orašje, Odžak, Vukosavlje, Domaljevac Šamac, Doboj, Doboj Jug, Šamac, Kakanj, Kalesija, Sapna, Zvornik, Banovići, Petrovo, Lukavac, Olovo, Čelinac and Kotor Varoš.
FAO has provided assistance to 45 municipalities and 4,873 direct beneficiaries through distribution of animal feed, wheat seeds, motor sprayers and bovine vaccines. The locations covered by FAO were: Banja Luka, Bijeljina, Bratunac, Brčko, Brod, Ćelić, Čelinac, Derventa, Doboj, Doboj Istok, Donji Žabar, Gračanica, Gradačac, Gradiška, Jezero, Kakanj, Kalesija, Kostajnica, Kotor Varoš, Kozarska Dubica, Laktaši, Lopare, Lukavac, Maglaj, Modriča, Novi Grad, Odžak, Olovo, Orašje, Pelagićevo, Petrovo, Prijedor, Prnjavor, Šamac, Šekovići, Srbac, Srebrenica, Srebrenik, Tuzla, Vlasenica, Vukosavlje, Zenica, Žepče, Živinice and Zvornik.
The greenhouses for vegetables and fruit were donated by UNDP to 122 beneficiaries in: Bijeljina, Brčko, Maglaj, Prijedor, Šamac, Zvornik, Domaljevac Šamac, Gradačac, Gradiška, Sapna, and Olovo. The selected beneficiaries were chosen in cooperation with the concerning municipalities. One of the aims was to re-establish small, greenhouse producers and connect them with ongoing value chain/market opportunities in rural areas.
2. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Projects (WASH)
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene projects included the restoration of water, sanitation and sewage facilities as well as technical and portable water supply provision in the selected nine municipalities. The necessary water supply equipment destroyed during the floods was provided to the municipalities of Maglaj, Doboj, Lukavac, Olovo, Kalesija, Petrovo, Sapna, Zvornik and Žepče.
The water supply equipment that was delivered consisted of manual plumbing tools, digital data logger, optical nivelr, drainage pumps, wacker floor saws, power threaders, electrician tools, truck cranes, mechanic tools, power generators, welding machines, gas chlorinators, grundfoss pumps, devices for the detection of leaks, electro meter pro, water supply lines, plumbing supply and fittings, electro fusion units, water meters for cold water, water pump pliers set, aggregate, water meter, transit time ultrasonic pipe flowmeter chronoflo and a watercistern.
The damaged and partially dysfunctional water supply systems in Kalesija and Lukavac have been fully restored. The WASH projects have assisted eight public utility (water) companies in restoration of their infrastructure. Technical water supply systems were re-established in the majority of flood affected areas. Exceptions to this are some small, remote communities where water systems were either damaged by landslides or are under threat of land mines that migrated due to floods.
3. Rehabilitation of health centers
This component aimed to improve the livelihood of various vulnerable groups through provision of essential (reproductive) health equipment to the damaged health centres and hospitals.
Dialysis vehicles were provided for the health centers of Doboj, Domaljevac, Maglaj and Šamac. Mobile clinics were provided to the health centers of Tuzla and Doboj, ensuring access to maternal care, particularly for women in rural areas. Additionaly, health center of Doboj received a sanitary vehicle, a mobile clinic and three other vehicles.
UNFPA has provided reproductive medical equipment and necessary vehicles to the following municipalities: Banja Luka, Brčko, Doboj, Gradiška, Kostajnica, Kozarska Dubica, Maglaj, Odžak, Olovo, Orašje, Petrovo, Prijedor, Šamac and Tuzla. The medical equipment provided consisted of colposcopes, CTGs, ultrasounds and ECGs.
Other medical equipment
UNDP has provided the necessary medical equipment to the health centers and hospitals in the municipalities of Banovici, Doboj, Domaljevac Šamac, Maglaj, Milići, Zenica, Odžak, Olovo, Orašje, Šamac and Tuzla. The medical equipment that was provided consists of computers, radiographs for mammography, ultrasounds, digital orthopantomography, dachines for electrotherapy, dutomatic 20 parameters hematology analyzers, doppler ultrasounds, defibrillators, cardiotocography CTG, gynecological examination chairs, digital black/white portable ultrasounds, EKGs with display, LED colposcopes, machines for magnetic resonance therapy, baby incubator, digital dental rontgen machines, electronical microscopes for the laboratory, sets for laryngoscopies for adults and children, machine for breathing therapy, otoscopy and ophthalmoscopy, hydro carbon and hydro collator and machine for laser therapy.
Within the framework of "Danas za Nas" health equipment was provided to fourteen health centers in the municipalities of Banovići, Brčko, Doboj, Domaljevac Šamac, Kostajnica, Kozarska Dubica, Maglaj, Milići, Odžak, Olovo, Petrovo, Šamac, Tuzla and Zenica. Also five hospitals including Banja Luka, Doboj, Gradiška, Orašje and Prijedor were provided with necessary health equipment.
4. Reconstruction and refurbishment of two elderly centers
Services and facilities for the elderly were damaged or lacking in the affected municipalities. Additionally, significant number of the elderly were located in so-called collective centers, with grim perspective to soon return home.
In order to address the needs of the elderly, two self-sustainable elderly day care centers (in Domaljevac Šamac and Modriča) were opened and customized with various self-help activities to fulfill their social, physical, emotional and intellectual needs post disaster. For example, in Domaljevac-Samac, reconstruction and refurbishment works were done and adequate equipment was procured for the elderly center which plays an important part in the daily lives of approximately 300 elderly citizens. The day care centers initially ensure basic psycho-social services focusing on mental health and provide the elderly with a place to socialize and participate in organized activities.
This component also envisaged training for volunteers and municipality employees including selected staff from centers for social work to ensure the long term sustainability of the day care centers. Both centers are part of the network for Healthy and Active Ageing together with the existing Center for Health Ageing in Novo Sarajevo, and part of South and Eastern Europe Health Network.
5. Stabilisation of landslides
As a consequence of the floods, more than 3,000 landslides throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina were activated causing destruction to some 2,000 houses and disrupting livelihoods.
There is a particular demand related to stabilisation of landslides in Tuzla Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton and several other municipalities in affected areas. The programme focused on emergency intervention providing drainage pipes and geo nets in 11 municipalities addressing 91 landslides up to this day including landslides that formed a direct danger to a school in Vareš and a music school in Žepče.
Materials for landslide management were provided to the following municipalities: Kakanj, Zenica, Maglaj, Breza, Olovo, Busovača, Vogošća, Kladanj, Vareš, Žepče and Zavidovići.
6. Rehabilitation of the central heating system in Doboj
As one of the priority projects, the central heating system in Doboj was rehabilitated on time and was ready before the heating season began in October 2014. The direct number of beneficiaries is 40,000 citizens and over 100 local businesses and public buildings including schools and a health center had their heating system re-installed.
7. Rehabilitation of infrastructure through reconstruction of bridges
A number of priority local infrastructure facilities, such as roads and bridges, that are vital to the freedom of movement and commerce, have been damaged or destroyed in the flooding and landslides.
Rehabilitation of small-scale community infrastructure was implemented in the areas of Tuzla and Bratunac. To date, six local bridges were reconstructed, two in Tuzla and four in Bratunac.
8. Improving the value chain in the dairy industry of the Zenica-Doboj Canton
One of the key goals of this component is to provide support for vulnerable beneficiaries. Over 300 farmer families are supported with improved value-chain production in the dairy sector in the Zenica-Doboj Canton.
The support targets dairy farmers already active in the dairy value-chain, whose production was affected by the floods and landslides. The value chain support includes: provision of animal feed, seeds and minerals for overcoming the winter 2014/2015; construction material (refurbishment of farms, small-scale infrastructures, refurbishment of milk collection centers, provision of small inputs and machinery for animal feed production); and technical assistance aimed at production improvement. This assistance is complementary to the 700 vulnerable farmers/households in affected areas that are supported under the EU Floods Recovery Programme.
The dairy factory present in Zenica-Doboj Canton is actively involved as a partner in reaching the goal of restoring the quantities of milk produced prior to the floods, improving sales as well quality and diversity of the dairy products.
9. Reconstruction and rehabilitation of public institutions
In the flooded areas many public institutions including municipal buildings, schools, kindergartens, libraries, and theaters were affected by the floods and landslides. Under this component the following public institutions were reconstructed/refurbished:
Elementary school Miloš Dujić in Čelinac, elementary school Vuk Karadžić in Bratunac, elementary school Crkvina in Šamac, elementary school Anton Gustav Matoš in Orašje and elementary school Dositej Obradović in Prijedor
Kindergarten Krajiška radost in Sanski Most (Kolibrići facility) and Kindergarten Radost in Šamac
Besides the above mentioned public facilities, also the Center for Social welfare in Šamac, the hospital in Doboj and front offices of municipalities Maglaj and Doboj are reconstructed/refurbished within the framework of "Danas za Nas". Under UNESCO the Culture Center in Maglaj, the National Library in Doboj and the theater in Šamac will be refurbished.
10. Assistance in social inclusion
Almost anyone who goes through a traumatic event like the floods is affected in some way. Children and youth are particularly sensitive and the floods of May 2014 were shocking and terrifying for them. Therefore one of the components of the "Danas za Nas" programme was social inclusion with the aim to create preconditions for socializing of children in order to forget the floods and regain a peace of mind, wellbeing, and start playing again. Within the social inclusion component, several projects were financed that contributed to the wellbeing of children.
Two summer camps were organised in August 2014 for the children from the flood affected municipalities
Summer camp of Friendship was implemented between 11 and 22 August 2014 on Boračko Lake, and was organised for children between the ages of 13-20 years. Total number of participant was 91, of which 40 women/girls. All the participants were from the flooded areas, namely Šamac, Domaljevac Šamac, Brčko and Olovo.
Summer camp Una for all was implemented between 11 and 23 August 2014 in Una Camp Racic River in Bihać, gathering 160 participants, of which 63 women/girls. All the participants were from the flooded areas of Maglaj, Sanski Most, Prijedor and Doboj.
Other projects focused on kindergartens, youth clubs and playgrounds refurbishment in the municipalities of Žepče, Maglaj, Domaljevac Šamac, Kladanj, Sanski Most, Čelinac, Šamac, Doboj and Vučilovac (Brčko).