The disaster that struck Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 2014 affected a quarter of its territory and approximately one million people, 27% of the country’s population. Over 50% of local governments in the country were in some form affected by the event, with substantial damages recorded to the housing stock, infrastructure, vital service providers, and the country’s productive assets. The effect of the disaster on the most vulnerable merely exacerbated pre-existing problems and disproportionately impacted their lives. Nowhere was this exhibited more than in the case of returnees and those internally displaced.
The European Union (EU) responded immediately by launching the first phase of the Flood Recovery Programme, worth total of 43 mil EUR. The Programme was implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNICEF and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Through rehabilitation of housing units and public buildings, as well as infrastructural projects, the Program improved the lives of more than 610,000 people in flood-affected communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
As part of the Programme, some 14,474 vulnerable people were able to return home, 50,467 children were able to resume school with minimal disruption, municipal services serving 188,000 citizens and healthcare centres serving 300,000 patients were made functional again. Thanks to the support granted to the small and medium enterprises and agricultural sector, 5,952 jobs were retained or created.
What is the project about?
The Flood Recovery - Housing Interventions Programme represents the next phase in the EU’s efforts to alleviate the catastrophic effects of the 2014 floods. The intervention, launched in September 2017, will provide durable housing solutions, coupled with improved livelihood opportunities, for almost 3,000 the most vulnerable people whose homes were damaged or destroyed in floods and landslides. The Programme prioritizes assistance to socially and economically marginalized groups, including, but not limited to, the elderly, low income households, persons with disabilities, minorities, returnees and those internally displaced.
The Programme, worth 15 million EUR, is funded by the EU in cooperation with the entity governments of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and Republika Srpska (RS). The Programme is implemented by UNDP in BiH, in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund (ASB), Hilfswerk International (HWI), and local governments.
The Programme is implemented in 44 municipalities/cities in both entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Banja Luka, Bijeljina, Bratunac, Brod, Cazin, Doboj, Doboj Istok, Domaljevac-Šamac, Donji Žabar, Goražde, Gračanica, Gradiška, Jezero, Kakanj, Kalesija, Kostajnica, Laktaši, Lopare, Maglaj, Modriča, Novi Grad, Odžak, Orašje, Petrovo, Prijedor, Prnjavor, Sapna, Srbac, Srebrenik, Šamac, Šekovići, Šipovo, Teslić, Tešanj, Travnik, Tuzla, Ugljevik, Vareš, Vlasenica, Vogošća, Zavidovići, Zenica, Zvornik and Žepče.
What we do?
Through Flood Recovery Programme, 44 flood-affected municipalities/cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina will be supported in their recovery.
This will be accomplished by
1) improving living conditions for almost 3,000 vulnerable individuals whose homes have been substantially damaged or destroyed in the disaster; and
2) restoring and developing economic and livelihood opportunities for low-income vulnerable households.
What we have accomplished so far?
Public call for selection of beneficiaries was closed on the 9 November 2017, with 3,950 applications received. Beneficiary lists were finalized and published in April 2018, after which Livelihoods Needs Assessment, aimed at enabling tailoring of income generation support for housing assistance beneficiaries, was done.
The process of construction and reconstruction of housing units started in June 2018. Map below shows activities conducted in each partner local community.