BiH is heavily contaminated with mines, and nearly twenty-four years after the end of the conflict, BiH remains the most heavily mined country in Europe. BIH is also contaminated with explosive remnants of war (ERW), including cluster munition remnants.
In its latest Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) Article 7 transparency report, BiH claimed a total of 965km2 of mined area (1.97% of the total country size), across 8,525 micro-locations which have been defined, estimated to be laid with around 79,000 mines/UXO. A general assessment of the impact of mines / UXOs / cluster munitions in 129 cities / municipalities in BiH, identified 1,388 mine / UXO / cluster munitions impacted communities. Micro-location contaminated with mines / UXO / cluster munitions directly affects the safety of 545.603 inhabitants or 15% of the total population of BiH.
The mined area reported to Mine Action Review (see Table 1) also totaled 965km2 (as per BiH Article 7 report) but was reported to be across a total of 8,948 mined areas (8,141 SHAs and 807 CHAs). With the ongoing Country Assessment (CA) Project, financed by EU IcSP (Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace), BHMAC composed approximately 480 polygons for the future Land Release tasks. Polygons has been made out from mined SHA and CHA and the new information’s collected during the project implementation. Final information of the CA Project should be available during 2020.