Green Economic Development (GED) Project

From an energy consumption perspective, Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized as a country with very high inefficiency within the residential, non-residential/public, industry and service sector. In the same time, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one of the most significant energy conservation potentials in the region. The county could base its further economic development and generation of new employment on energy efficiency improvement measures in the residential and public sector.

Average energy consumption of public buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina is three times higher than the European Union (EU) average, categorizing them as completely energy inefficient buildings (in accordance to EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme – EMAS). To meet this energy intensive consumption demand, a significant amount of budget funds must be allocated for energy expenditures of public buildings (educational, health, cultural, municipal and entity/state institutions etc.) representing a major proportion of the already inadequate public budget.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has signed the Energy Charter Treaty which, besides regulation of the energy market, brought the obligation of reporting on the basis of its regulations and directives.  Since 2009, UNDP is working on enhancing energy efficiency of public buildings in first place, to create positive example, and to contribute towards meeting the targets of mentioned directives.

Since 2013, UNDP is implementing the Green Economic Development Project financed by Sweden, the Environmental Fund of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of Republika Srpska. The Project partners are Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, entity’s ministries for spatial planning, cantonal ministries and other institutions.   

What we do?

The GED Project aims to institutionalize the energy management activities within the public sector buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those activities are in line with the European Union directives (Energy Service DirectiveEPBD directive), and the Energy Community Treaty.

At the beginning of the Project, local authorities and relevant ministries lacked human and financial resources to cover these activities.

Therefore, focus was made towards cantonal and entity governments, as a first step towards institutionalization of energy management and Energy Efficiency Action Plans in the public sector.

The GED Project is creating favorable conditions for investments into energy efficiency measures while contributing to the market development and economic progress of the country.

The outcomes are:

  • Public budget expenditure savings
  • Employment of domestic workforce
  • Reinvestment in local infrastructure and priorities
  • Environment protection
  • End-user indoor comfort

Project components:

I. Strengthen Institutional Capacities

  • Capacity building for Nearly Zero Energy Buildings
  • Provide technical assistance to the Environmental Funds
  • Develop and strengthen technical and economic capacities of municipalities, public facilities, public utilities and enterprises
  • Develop energy intensity mapping application and introduce monitoring & verification module within the Energy Management Information System (EMIS)

II. Institutionalization of Energy Management

  • Introduce EMIS in all public buildings
  • Implement EMIS in public lighting systems
  • Capacity building of end-users

III. Establish Financial Mechanisms and Legislative Framework

  • Assist Environmental Funds with the development of financial mechanisms with their own finance - Revolving Fund, soft loans and Energy Service Company (ESCO) Fund
  • Assist governments in creation of secondary legislation on energy-efficiency and energy management

IV. Implement Infrastructure Measures  

  • Implement energy-efficiency retrofits, renewable energy measures, solar hot water and photovoltaic systems in public sector buildings, and energy efficiency in public lighting systems

V. Raise Public Awareness

  • Increase public awareness on energy efficiency and renewable energy  

VI. Install Renewable Energy Sources for Off-grid Households

  •  Install hybrid photovoltaic and solar system solutions to remote areas without electricity


What have we accomplished so far?

  • Energy management institutionalization has been introduced in 8 cantons; and the Decision on obligatory EMIS data input is adopted in 6 cantons
  • 2 Energy Efficiency Action Plans developed
  • Over 4,900 users have been trained to use the EMIS system
  • Over 270 detailed energy audits on public sector buildings conducted to identify the most effective measures to improve energy efficiency
  • Since 2016 the Revolving fund is operational within the Environmental Fund of Federation of BiH enabling investments into energy-efficiency projects on public, business and industry buildings with favorable loan conditions, as well as street lightning systems
  • Study Green jobs „Analysing the Employment Impact of Energy Efficiency Measures in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ developed
  • First „Typology of Public Buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina“ developed
  • Energy efficiency retrofits conducted on 229 public buildings across the country
  • Modernization of public lightning system implemented in nine municipalities (Banja Luka, Bihać, Donji Vakuf, Ljubuški, Maglaj, Općina Novo Sarajevo, Općina Stari Grad Sarajevo, Široki Brijeg, Živinice)
  • Over 67,700 citizens participated in educational events and workshops

Sustainable Development Goals targeted by GED



Start date:


Estimated end date:


Focus Area:

Energy and Environment


Sweden, the Environmental Fund of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of Republika Srpska


BiH Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, the entity ministries of spatial planning, cantonal ministries, municipalities and other partners.


Banja Luka


Nova Bila


Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel of Sweden, Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden Isabella Lövin visited the Music Academy  continue reading

For more information about GED please check

Banja Luka

Marking the World Environment Day




Project start date:

February 2018

Estimated end date:

December 2022

Focus area:

  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Implementing partner:

    United Nations Development Programme

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • Government Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation (sida)
  • Regional Education And Information Center For Sustainable Development In South East Europe
  • Greenways
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2021 $1,587,642

    2020 $5,094,513

    2019 $5,639,158

    2018 $1,899,008

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