1st DECEMBER WORLD AIDS DAY
In line with the initiative of the United Nations General Assembly of and the World Health Organization, 1st December - World AIDS Day, commemorates the memory of those who lost their lives in the fight against AIDS and the hope that the current global response to AIDS will give hope for a better future.
In his message on the occasion of the 1st December, World AIDS Day, g.Michel Sidibe, UNAIDS Executive Director and the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, pointed out that for the first time here is the end in sight to the global epidemic, that during the previous decade had devastating effects across the globe, and for the first time the epidemic is under control. This significant progress has been achieved along with the strong progress in the interaction of science, visionary leadership and precise programs. Today, people with HIV are living longer and better, and now they can protect their partners and their children from transmitting the HIV virus.
However, there are still a number of risks that could threaten the current global efforts and the problem of AIDS to be left in legacy of future generations. It must be remembered that there is still present stigma, denial and ignorance.
In Bosnia-Herzegovina, since the end of 2006, a comprehensive program to support the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection and AIDS has been implemented. The programe is supported by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and administered by the UNDP in BiH, by the decision of the National Coordination Body for program management of the Global Fund in BiH (CCM formed in 2004).
In 1986, the first diagnosed cases of HIV infection in BiH has appeared. Since 1986, a total of 245 cases of HIV infection, with 126 people who developed AIDS, have been registered.
During the 2013, 22 new cases of HIV infection (16 men and 6 women), of which 6 infected people develop AIDS (5 men and 1 woman) were recorded in BiH. During the 2013, 4 deaths in HIV-infected were recorded, all four of the AIDS stage, of which three men and one woman.
Today in BiH, there are 126 persons living with HIV infection, 91 of whom were on antiretroviral therapy (2 persons are treated outside BiH, i.e. in neighboring countries).
In BiH, the HIV infection is now under control, thanks to the synergy of local vision, leadership, quality of state program, and its quality of implementation, as well as the financial support of the Global Fund.
At the suggestion of the Advisory Committee for the fight against HIV and AIDS in BiH, the Council of Ministers in 2011 has adopted the Strategy for the response to HIV and AIDS in BiH from 2011 to 2016.
HIV program in BiH, with coordination of Ministry of Civil Affairs BiH, has been so far successfully implemented by the Federal Ministry of Health, Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Republika Srpska, and Department of Health and other services of Brčko District BiH, as well as the Institute for Public Health and Institute for Public Health of Republika Srpska, and Health institutions at all levels in BiH, in close collaboration with NGOs and CSOs. In the field, the program is implemented by 12 NGOs specialized in work with groups of populations that are most at risk of HIV infection.
In the period from December 2006 to December 2015, in HIV program of BiH, the Global Fund will invest a total of approximately 42 million grant.
Zero Discrimination Campaign
UNAIDS Executive Director delivers World AIDS Day 2013 message
Scaling up Universal Access for Most at Risk Populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (HIV/AIDS Round 9)
HIV/AIDS has had limited impact so far in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) with only 74 reported cases of people living with the disease and currently on antiretroviral therapy. Although the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in BiH is low, the focus on preventing an increase in infection is high. Early identification of the disease enables individuals to take actions that benefit both their own health and public health, and the early treatment of those infected substantially reduces the risk of HIV transmission to others.
The overall growth of the global AIDS epidemic appears to have stabilized. The annual number of new HIV infections has been steadily declining since the late 1990s and there are fewer AIDS-related deaths due to the significant scale up of antiretroviral therapy over the past few years.
Research on HIV stigma and discrimination among health care workers in public and private health care sector in BIH
Bosnia and Herzegovina falls into the group of countries with the low HIV prevalence, lower than 1% among general population and lower than 5% among the population at risk.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country with a low incidence of HIV epidemic, but general circumstances in the country all present a potential danger of spread of HIV in the coming period.