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UNDP is the largest development agency of the UN system and its role within the UN Country Team (UNCT) is co-ordination. UNDP manages the Resident Coordinator System, provides co-ordination support to each of the UN Agencies, and contributes financial, technical and human resource assistance to programmes and projects of sister agencies and other development partners.
The United Nations Country Team in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is comprised of twelve UN Programmes and Specialised Agencies (UNHCR, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, ILO, UNESCO, UN Women, UNV, FAO, UNEP, UNODC), the Breton Woods Institutions (World Bank, IFC, IMF), UNICTY and IOM. Several regionally-based UN Agencies are operational in BiH through the implementation of the UNDAF BiH 2010-2014 (UNIDO, UN-HABITAT, IFAD, UNECE) and through their individual projects and technical assistance (IAEA).
The co-ordination of the UNCT is facilitated through the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator (RCO), whose main function is to support the UNCT through the provision of co-ordinated and analytical assistance, identification of joint UN initiatives and in ensuring that broad UN expertise is available to BiH counterparts in their efforts to advance the development of the country. The Resident Coordinator's Office has five functional pillars reflecting the UN priorities in BIH: 1) Rule of Law, 2) Peace and Development, 3) Human Rights, 4) UN Co-ordination and Monitoring and Evaluation, and 5) Public Relations.
The UN Resident Coordinator in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Yuri Afanasiev. He is also the UNDP Resident Representative in BiH. He assumed both his duties in February 2010.
The work of the UNCT in BiH is guided through a mid-term – usually 5 years - strategic framework called the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). The UNDAF for BiH covering the period 2015-2019 was signed with the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina in May 2015 and outlines the priority areas of UNCT development assistance in BiH and key strategic outcomes jointly defined with BiH partners. It recognises the aspirations of Bosnia and Herzegovina to become a member of the European Union as the overarching BiH priority and focusses on the following four priority areas of assistance: rural and regional development, social inclusion and democratic governance, justice and security, and energy and environment.
The Common Budgetary Framework provides country partners, the UNCT, and donors with a holistic overview of required and available resources to support UNDAF implementation, and any funding gaps. It is a basis for joint mobilization of resources and contributes to better delivery of UN system support. Full implementation of the UNDAF will require an estimated total of USD 264,592,034. This includes USD 54,871,620from regular or core resources and USD 78,533,932 from other or non-core resources. The total estimated funding gap is USD 131,186,482. The JSC, together with the UNCT will act in concert to mobilize these additional resources over the One Programme period.
The UNCT has finalised the implementation of several other joint UN programmes that addressed the issues and challenges of gender-based violence in BiH and the implementation of the Roma Action Plan. The focus of the next generation of joint UN programmes is to address, among other things, pressing BiH developmental challenges in the areas of peace and reconcilliation, transitional justice, protracted displacement, gender empowerment, social care and protection and energy efficiency and environment.
UNCT co-operation and co-ordination is also comprehensive in the areas of HIV/AIDS prevention, youth and employment issues, people with disabilities, local development and Roma issues.
Involvement in individual projects and technical assistance:
Year 2014 has been a difficult year for BiH. Just as the economy in Europe and BiH showed limited recovery signs in the first quarter of 2014, BiH was faced with yet another major challenge in the form of the heaviest floods in the 100-year recorded history.