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United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the development network of the United Nations, and one of the most crucial agencies within development system of United Nations. UNDP presides over and coordinates the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) on the global level which consolidates key United Nations Agencies under the development mandate that contribute to international development. On the country level, UNDP is responsible for coordinating the operations of the Office of the Resident Coordinator (RC), and of the Resident Coordinator herself.
UNCT (the United Nations Country Team) in BiH is comprised of twelve funds, United Nations Programmes and Specialised Agencies (UNHCR, UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, ILO, UNESCO, UN Women, UNV, FAO, UNEP, UNODC); the Bretton Woods Institutions (World Bank, IFC, IMF); UNICTY Office and IOM. Several regionally-based UN Agencies (UNIDO, IFAD, IAEA) are also operational in BiH through the implementation of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) BiH 2015-2019.
The role of the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator is to organise the UNCT efforts to implement the UN’s reform agenda. These efforts come from varying United Nations Agencies, and the UNRC strengthens the integration and cohesion of the differing agencies to improve the efficacy of the mission as a whole.The UN Resident Coordinator in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sezin Sinanoglu. She is also the UNDP Resident Representative in BiH. She assumed both her duties in June 2015.
The work of UNDP as well as the other members of the UNCT in BiH, except all Bretton Woods Institutions and ICTY Office, is based around the UNDAF, a five-year-long United Nations programme. The UNDAF for BiH covering the period 2015-2019 was signed by the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina on 15 June 2015. It outlines the focal strategies of UNCT’s development assistance in BiH designated jointly by BiH partners. It recognises BiH’s aspiration to become a member of the European Union as the overarching priority and directs its operations towards the following areas of assistance: the rule of law and human security; sustainable and equitable development and employment; social inclusion (education, social protection, child protection and health); and the empowerment of women.
The Common Budgetary Framework provides country partners, the UNCT, and donors with a comprehensive overview of the required and available resources to support the implementation of the UNDAF, and also of any funding gaps. It is a basis for joint mobilisation of resources and contributes to improved delivery of support from the UN. Full implementation of the UNDAF will require an estimated total of USD 264,592,034. This includes USD 54,871,620 from regular, or core, resources, and USD 78,533,932 from other, or non-core, resources. The total estimated funding gap is USD 131,186,482.
The UNCT is in the process of implementation of several other joint UN programmes that addressed the issues and challenges of gender-based violence in BiH and the implementation of the Roma Action Plan. The focus of the next generation of joint UN programmes is to address, among other things, the most pressing BiH developmental challenges in the areas of peace and reconciliation, transitional justice, protracted displacement, gender empowerment, social care and protection and energy efficiency and environmental protection.
UNCT also co-operates and co-ordinates effectively and exhaustively in the areas of HIV/AIDS prevention, youth and employment issues, people with disabilities, local development and Roma issues.
The other members of UNCT in BiH:
Year 2014 has been a difficult year for BiH. Just as the economy in Europe and BiH showed limited recovery signs in the first quarter of 2014, BiH was faced with yet another major challenge in the form of the heaviest floods in the 100-year recorded history.