Durable Housing Solutions for Flood and Landslide Affected Households in Bosnia and Herzegovina
What is the project about?
More than 43,000 homes have been damaged or flooded, mainly due to landslides, leading to evacuation of more than 40,000 persons. 46 local governments suffered severe damage and destruction, where urban, industrial and rural areas were completely flooded.
The Recovery Needs Assessment, administered in the aftermath of the May 2014 floods, places the number of private dwellings destroyed in the event at 1,952. The total extent of the damages and losses amounts to BAM 886.40 million (BAM 424,9 million in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH), BAM 443,3 million in the Republika Srpska (RS) and BAM 18,2 million in Brčko District). A number of local governments suffered damages to more than 1,000 dwellings.
Preliminary results of an updated and limited assessment of damages to housing stock currently being conducted with entity governments indicate there remains 689 homes that will require rebuilding and, in many instances, relocation; 374 are in the FBiH and 315 in the RS.
What we do?
The Durable Housing Solutions for Flood and Landslide project will provide support to disaster recovery of worst-affected households by constructing new homes for the most vulnerable.
The project will place disaster risk reduction at the center of its activities by ensuring that no investments are made in areas where flood and landslide activity are likely to jeopardize the results of the intervention. With environmental sustainability in mind, further complementary activities can be integrated into the project, through applying innovative energy efficiency solutions for newly-constructed homes. In addition to the “build back better” approach, the intervention will apply a “build back together” approach within each locality, working together with local governments, local public institutions and communities to implement recovery activities rapidly with a strong solidarity component.
The overall project goal is to contribute to recovery efforts in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Specifically, the project aims to provide durable housing solution for 157 flood and landslide households affected (150 which are done together with USAID ) permanently displaced after the natural disaster of May 2014. The project will focus on assisting the most vulnerable families, who currently reside in temporary accommodation, or in collective centres.
Five types of homes will be offered depending on the size of household, ranging from 36 m2 to 73 m2. The prefabricated nature of the dwelling will substantially decrease construction time expediting the process of settling the beneficiaries into their new homes. The homes will meet advanced energy efficiency standards.
In addition to the use of energy efficient materials and building practices, the homes will be equipped with solar energy systems for heating of water and solid fuel burning stoves to generate heat in the winter months. Each home will have a heating system, with a single solid fuel stove, with distribution of thermal heat ensured through electricity consumption. In addition, each housing unit will have a roof solar panel, which will contribute to energy generation necessary for the household needs, including domestic hot water and heating.
In terms of energy savings, the thermal envelope combined with the solar system will result in energy savings of 43% annually. Financially, the use of a solid fuel-based heating system as compared to electricity powered system will result in financial savings of cca 74% per household annually. The use of clean energy sources will also contribute towards achieving the country's environmental protection objectives in reducing the emission of CO2.
In addition, 45 homes in total will also receive kitchen and wardrobe cupboards, through donation of Hastor foundation.
As a result, it is expected that 150 families are transitioned from temporary shelter into permanent accommodation that meets the domestic housing standards as proscribed by the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees of Bosnia and Herzegovina, while some 300 temporary jobs will be created in local businesses and communities that will service the process.
Who finances it?
The main institutional partners for the intervention are the two entity governments operating through the flood recovery funds and selected local governments. The financial framework for the project is based on a cost-sharing agreement between USAID, the two entity governments and the affected local governments, where domestic partners are expected to contribute more than 3/4 of the overall investment.