Project “Local Integrated Development” (LID)
Why Local Integrated Development is needed in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is facing a complex set of development challenges, including a declining economy, growing poverty levels, and deepening socio-economic inequalities.
Prolonged political deadlock, coupled with complex constitutional arrangements, has contributed to a worsening in the overall socio-economic situation, with corruption, unemployment and weak policy making capacities prominent among the challenges. The economy remains constrained by high taxation, poor infrastructure and a lacking investment climate.
The national human development report Social Inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina notes that over 50% of the population suffers from some form of social exclusion. Among the most vulnerable are minority returnees, internally displaced persons, Roma, people with disabilities, the elderly and youth. Nearly 20 years after the end of the war, around 100,400 people remain internally displaced, while those who have returned face a series of challenges, as recommendations on creating conditions for sustainable return remain largely unaddressed.
Already difficult socio-economic conditions in the country were further exacerbated by the worst flooding on record that struck the country in May 2014, affecting a quarter of its territory and 27% of the population. The devastation of economic, communal and social infrastructure was felt most acutely in areas with many returnees and limited economic opportunities, increasing the number of vulnerable people in need of assistance. Many internally displaced persons and returnees were displaced again and lost what they had managed to rebuild.
Nevertheless, over the last few years encouraging progress has been made at the local level, including in terms of overcoming the consequences of the 2014 floods. In the country’s decentralized institutional context, local development has provided a more responsive framework for quick-wins in the short and medium terms. In other words, despite many challenges, the relative directness and simplicity of political arrangements at the local level means that some challenges can be addressed more efficiently and effectively. Local leaders also tend to be more sensitive to their local contexts while locally conceived and driven initiatives are better able to address the specific and most pressing needs of individual communities. Further, successful change at the local level is expected to build pressure from below, thereby inspiring and driving change at higher levels.
What the LID project can do for people in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
LID will directly contribute to improvements in the standard of living for more than 100,000 people in BiH, working with domestic authorities to put into place mechanisms and resources needed to drive social and economic development.
The Project will work through three interconnected pillars implemented over a three-year period (January 2016 - December 2018):
- Better governments for better governance
This pillar will build governance capacities to plan, manage and resource development in an integrated, sustainable and inclusive manner. Local authorities will be guided through a strategic planning cycle while undergoing a series of financial and functional reviews aimed at modelling a local government apparatus that can best serve the development needs of their communities.
Illustrative activities include maximizing revenues and minimizing expenditure on non-essential items in order to make more resources available for development projects – approximately 3% of municipal budgets will be redirected in such a manner during the project’s life cycle.
- Improving services through better infrastructure
While the governance pillar aims for long-term changes that will largely manifest themselves after the project has expired, the infrastructure component aims to mobilize joint resources with the immediate target of meeting pressing community needs for vital services. Seed funding will be made available for community initiatives co-financed by local and other authorities and identified as pressing through an inclusive prioritization exercise.
Illustrative activities include the construction of a water supply system for 2,500 households in the municipality of Odžak (where the project will mobilize more than 1 million KM) as well as the introduction of modern waste management practices in the municipality of Šamac.
- Creating more income opportunities
The third Project pillar will work closely with both private and public sector actors to create local environments that are conducive to growth and investment helping create income generating opportunities for the unemployed or vulnerable. Both entity governments will also be partnered through the model of local development funds where critically important local economic initiatives will be supported. Illustrative activities include the identification of promising economic sectors and subsectors (value chains) and the design and implementation of support activities tailor-made to the needs of each individual locality and sector.
Across all of its pillars the Project will prioritize assistance to the most vulnerable, including returnees, internally displaced persons, unemployed women, elderly, Roma, people with disabilities and long-term unemployed.
The Project is implemented in 21 partner cities and municipalities selected through a public and transparent process, prioritizing localities that are home to large returnee population and were affected by the May 2014 floods. In order to maximize regional synergies and improve competitiveness, partner local governments were grouped into four geographical clusters.
This project is part of the EU Programme for Local Development and Employment, funded by the EU in the amount of EUR 19 million. In addition to UNDP-implemented LID, the Programme is also home to complementary interventions implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).
Key project beneficiaries include:
- 21 local self-governance units, grouped together in 4 geographic clusters in the areas primarily affected by floods and regions with a high percentage of returnees/ internally displaced persons;
- 30 MSMEs;
- 300 rural households;
- 50 civil society organizations and grass-root citizens’ groups in target communities;
- 100,000 citizens, including 5,000 members of socially excluded and vulnerable groups; and
- higher government level institutions.
21 local self-governance units per clusters
Due to the integrated nature of the Project, the results yielded will relate to multiple pillars:
- Local partnerships define and steer local socio-economic development according to local needs and resources;
- Investment needs in target localities are addressed to deal with long-term consequences of the 2014-floods and achieve objectives laid out in integrated development strategies/action plans; and
- Job creation and income generation needs of local communities are addressed, in particular for returnees and IDPs, households affected by the 2014-floods and other vulnerable groups.
The project, valued at EUR 6.6 million, is funded by the European Union and co-funded/implemented by the UNDP.
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* The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on the maps on this site do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
Project “Local Integrated Development” (LID), funded by the European Union and implemented by UNDP, directly contributes to improvements in the standard of living for more than 100,000 people in 21 cities and municipalities throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. LID project helps local authorities to solve three problems: to improve their services and reduce administrative costs, invest in infrastructure, and create new jobs for the socially vulnerable population. In a short video you could see how the concept of local integrated development has enabled a better life for people living in the areas of Odžak, Orašje, Šamac, Vareš and Žepča - five partner municipalities which participating in the LIR project.