Integrated Local Development Project (ILDP)
Function of the project
Local governments are well positioned to carry out policies to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life at the local level. However, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, scarce financial resources, an ineffective decentralisation process and the absence of clear policy frameworks at the higher levels of government (Cantonal, Entity and State) stand as barriers to local governments’ abilities to be drivers of development.
More than 80% of local governments have prepared development strategies, but they remain separate from the strategies and budgets of the Cantonal, Entity and State governments. Furthermore, municipalities lack the capacity to transform their strategic priorities into implementable action, to create pipelines of feasible projects, to attract external financial resources and to involve the private sector and local communities in steering local development. All of these factors impede the successful realisation of local strategies to foster development and limit socio-economic progress. As the possible integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union (EU) poses both challenges and development potential for local governments, the ILDP prepares them for the effective use of EU financial assistance.
What we do
The Integrated Local Development Project (ILDP), an integral pillar of the UNDP Rural and Regional Development Sector, provides support to strengthen local development planning and the realisation of local strategies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The project provides a “bridge” between the strategic and budgetary frameworks of local and higher levels of government and also assists 40 local governments in designing their strategies and successfully implementing them in partnership with their communities.
Success thus far
- In 2009, a blueprint for local development planning - the Methodology for Integrated Local Development Planning in Bosnia and Herzegovina (MiPRO) was adopted by both Entity governments, enabling the country-wide systematic preparation of local strategies in accordance with EU principles.
- So far, 40% of local governments have created development strategies encompassing social, economic and environmental concerns, in alignment with the strategies of the higher levels of government, municipal budgets and spatial plans. In addition, 28% of local governments have introduced systemic operational processes and structures for integrated municipal management.
- 47 projects have been implemented, amounting to over USD 3.9 million, partnered with local governments, directly improving the quality of life for the citizens. Out of the projects’ total value, the local governments contribute 53%, the ILDP 42%, and 5% are funds from other sources.
- 1,994 representatives from 40 local governments and their communities were offered 133 training courses on development planning management and municipal service delivery.
- 40 Local Community Partnerships were established to ensure community involvement in development and consideration of local priorities, with a total outreach to more than 3,000 citizens.
- The ILDP created the momentum for the bottom-up creation of a coherent development planning system in Bosnia and Herzegovina by gradually harmonising and vertically aligning local, cantonal and Entity development planning frameworks. In cooperation with institutional partners - FBiH Development Planning Institute and the FBiH Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Administration and Local Self Government of RS, RS Ministry for Economic Relations and Regional Cooperation, and RS Ministry of Finances, both entities’ Associations of Municipalities and Cities – the programme launched consultations that resulted in a more defined vision for strategic planning in both entities. In FBiH, this vision is realised in the form of the Draft FBiH Law on Development Planning and Management, which is currently in parliamentary procedure.
- In order to systematically facilitate the implementation of development priorities at the local level, with the support of ILDP, financing mechanisms in both entities were established to fund projects originating on the local level. The total financial volume of these mechanisms amounts to USD 1,884,000 (USD 800,000 contribution from the ILDP, USD 770,000 co-funding by entity governments and USD 314,000 - by local governments).
- The cantons in FBiH defined a harmonised approach to strategic planning that has already been successfully applied in Una-Sana and Western Herzegovina Canton. An additional 7 cantons have initiated planning processes in line with the harmonized approach.
Goals moving forward
- A critical mass of local governments, hand in hand with their communities, are now applying the harmonised approach to development planning and are capable of steering the implementation of upcoming activities to address local priorities.
- Cantonal, Entity and State governments now design their own strategic and financial frameworks which are constructed around the citizens’ priorities, ensuring that they are a sustainable, successful tool for development.
- Local development processes are increasingly community-led and characterised by partnerships between private, civic and public stakeholders, incentivising and cementing widespread future involvement.
|ILDP Phase I|
|Donor Name||Amount contributed per year|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 2,235|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 149,525|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 528,822|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 845,108|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 963,375|
|Government of BiH||$ 155,784|
(Government of BiH - Municipalities Bosanska Krupa, Buzim, Kotor Varos, Ljubinje, Samac, Bugojno, Kladanj, Odzak, Trnovo, Kladanj)
|$ILDP Phase II|
|Donor Name||Amount contributed per year|
|Government of Switzerland||$348.713|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 1,398,447|
|Government of BiH||$ 102,236|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 1,417,181|
|Government of BiH||$ 344,495|
|Government of Switzerland||$ 2,399,958|
|Government of BiH||$ 376,378|
(Government of BiH - Municipalities Prnjavor, Livno, Cazin, Lopare, Osmaci, Trnovo, Vlasenica, Kotor Varos, Bijeljina, Gracanica, Samac, Sanski Most, Srbac, Gradacac, Posusje, Zenica, Kljuc, Jablanica, Doboj Jug, Nevesinje, Bosanski Petrovac, Kostajnica, Velika Kladusa, Orasje, Mrkonjic Grad, Odzak, Bosanska Krupa, Bugojno, Buzim, Ljubuski, Ljubinje, Bihac, Jajce, Srebrenik, Novo Sarajevo, Maglaj and Una Sana Canton, Western Herzegovina Tuzla Canton, Sarajevo Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton, Canton 10, Posavina Canton, Bosnian Podrinje Canton and Central Bosnia)
Delivery in the previous fiscal years
|DEC 2007||$ 2,235|
|DEC 2008||$ 375,416|
|DEC 2009||$ 680,239|
|DEC 2010||$ 936,683|
|DEC 2011||$ 1,132,323|
|DEC 2012||$ 376,571|
|DEC 2013||$ 1,653,969|
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