From an energy consumption perspective, Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized as a country with very high inefficiency within the residential, non-residential/public, industry and service sector. At the same time; however, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one of the most significant energy conservation potentials in the region and could base its further mid-term economic development and generation of new employment on energy efficiency improvement measures in the residential and public sector.
The country consumes about 20% of its GDP on energy, which is three times higher than in the EU countries and the US. According to the Report “Regular Review of Energy Efficiency Strategies in BiH” prepared under the obligations of the Energy Charter Treaty, gross total primary energy consumed per unit of GDP is 0.938 toe / USD 2000 , which is 2.5 times the average of 27 EU countries and higher than almost any other country in the SEE region.
Average energy consumption of public buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina is three times higher than the EU average, categorizing them as completely energy inefficient buildings (in accordance to EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme – EMAS). In order to meet this energy intensive consumption demand, a significant amount of budget funds must be allocated for energy expenditures of public buildings (educational, health, cultural, municipal and entity/state institutions etc.) representing a major proportion of the already inadequate public budget.
The main goals of the GREEN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (GED) project are:
- To reduce spending of public funds on energy and water consumption (by increasing energy efficiency and utilizing renewables) and
- To enable favorable environment for investment into infrastructure energy efficiency measures while generating “green jobs”.
The GREEN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT project aims to institutionalize the energy management activities within the public sector buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those activities contribute and are in line with EU directives (Energy Service Directive, EPBD directive), the Energy Community Treaty and BiH’s obligation to report on current energy consumption and energy savings in accordance with Energy Efficiency Action Plans. Currently local authorities and relevant ministries lack of human and financial resources to cover these activities.
Therefore, focus is made towards Cantonal Governments and Entity Government (in particular sectorial ministries), as a first step in a chain towards institutionalization of Energy management and Energy Efficiency Action Plans in the public sector.
- Inventory of public building energy consumption and energy characteristics drafted.
- Energy Management Information System (EMIS) institutionalized – serving as an instrument for selected administrations to conduct continuous adaptation and improvement of action plans and prioritization of energy efficiency interventions and projects
- Energy consumption and energy efficiency improvement measures in public buildings are followed and collected based on a systematic approach in all public sector buildings within relevant cantonal and Ministries jurisdictions
- Staff of selected public administrations trained in information collecting and providing adequate reports/analyses that contribute to implementation of action plans and BiH’s obligations to Energy Community Treaty and other EU directives
- Promotion of energy management and energy efficiency
• Generated employment – green jobs
• Bosnia and Herzegovina is able to make informed policy and investment decisions, that reduce GHG emissions, reduce poverty, create new employment opportunities and jobs and move societies towards long term sustainability