Green Economic Development (GED)
What is the project about?
Public Building Energy Consumption
From an energy consumption perspective, Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized as a country with very high inefficiency within the residential, non-residential/public, industry and service sector. In the same time, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one of the most significant energy conservation potentials in the region. The county could base its further economic development and generation of new employment on energy efficiency improvement measures in the residential and public sector.
Average energy consumption of public buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina is three times higher than the European Union (EU) average, categorizing them as completely energy inefficient buildings (in accordance to EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme – EMAS). To meet this energy intensive consumption demand, a significant amount of budget funds must be allocated for energy expenditures of public buildings (educational, health, cultural, municipal and entity/state institutions etc.) representing a major proportion of the already inadequate public budget.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has signed the Energy Charter Treaty which, besides regulation of the energy market, brought the obligation of reporting on the basis of its regulations and directives. Since 2009, UNDP is working on enhancing energy efficiency of public buildings in first place, to create positive example, and to contribute towards meeting the targets of mentioned directives.
Since 2013, UNDP is implementing a five year Green Economic Development Project financed by the Government of Sweden, the Environmental Fund of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund of Republika Srpska. The Project partners are Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, entity’s ministries for spatial planning, cantonal ministries and other institutions.
What we do?
The GED Project aims to institutionalize the energy management activities within the public sector buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Those activities are in line with the European Union directives (Energy Service Directive, EPBD directive), and the Energy Community Treaty.
At the beginning of the Project, local authorities and relevant ministries lacked human and financial resources to cover these activities.
Therefore, focus was made towards cantonal and entity governments, as a first step towards institutionalization of energy management and Energy Efficiency Action Plans in the public sector.
The GED Project is creating favorable conditions for investments into energy efficiency measures while contributing to the market development and economic progress of the coutnry. The outcomes are:
- Public budget expenditure savings
- Employment of domestic workforce
- Reinvestment in local infrastructure and priorities
- Enviornment protection
- End-user indoor comfort
The GED Project has five components:
- Strengthen institutional capacities - capacity building and technical assistance to the Environmental Funds along with the establishment of the Association of Thermal Power Engineers.
- Institutionalization of the energy management - introduce the EMIS system in public buildings, educate end users, monitor the achieved savings, and create a legal obligation on the monitoring of consumption in public buildings.
- Establish a legislative framework - creation of bylaws and financial mechanisms with the Environmental Protection Funds to create a sustainable system of financing of projects in the field of energy efficiency.
- Implement infrastructural measures - contribute to energy savings, employment of local workforce, increase comfort in public buildings, create savings in the budgets, and reinvest saved funds.
- Raise public awareness about energy efficiency - educate citizens and youth about energy efficiency measures and energy saving tips.
Expected Project Results
- Inventory of public building energy consumption and energy characteristics drafted
- Energy Management Information System (EMIS) institutionalized – serving as an instrument for selected administrations to conduct continuous adaptation and improvement of action plans and prioritization of energy efficiency interventions and projects
- Energy consumption and energy efficiency improvement measures in public buildings are followed and collected based on a systematic approach in all public sector buildings within relevant cantonal and Ministries jurisdictions
- Staff of selected public administrations trained in information collecting and providing adequate reports/analyses that contribute to implementation of action plans and BiH’s obligations to Energy Community Treaty and other EU directives
- Promotion of energy management and energy efficiency
- Generated employment – green jobs
- Bosnia and Herzegovina is able to make informed policy and investment decisions, that reduce GHG emissions, reduce poverty, create new employment opportunities and jobs and move societies towards long term sustainability
What have we accomplished so far?
- Energy management institutionalization is introduced in eight (8) cantons, and the Decision on obligatory EMIS data input is adopted in six (6) cantons
- Almost 1.800 users are trained to use the EMIS system
- Since 2016, the Revolving fund is established within the Environmental Fund of Federation of BiH, enabling investments with favorable loan conditions into energy efficiency projects on public, business and industry buildings, as well as on public lightning systems
- More than 220 detailed energy audits on public sector buildings were conducted to identify the most effective measures to improve energy efficiency
- Increased public awareness about energy management, energy efficiency, and reduction of greenhouse emissions
- From 2013 till 2018 - 111 infrastructure projects were implemented throughout BiH to increase energy efficiency.
Till 2018. through conducted measures on 111 public buildings:
- Financial savings in public budgets over 3.100.000 KM were achieved
- Over 1000 green jobs were created
- Energy consumption was reduced and realized savings are exceeding 50%
- CO2 equivalent emissions were reduced by approximately 7.000 t per year
- Indoor conditions were improved for 95.000 end-users