Biomass Energy for Employment and Energy Security – Follow Up Project
What is the project about?
Due to the significant forest coverage of Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is obvious that forest biomass and bioenergy can play more important role in the economy of the Country. Nevertheless, the use of wood is still characterized by traditional, low-energy efficiency patterns such as using of fuel wood for individual household heating.
Onward, the renewable energy sector is still characterized by insufficient private sector activity and few concrete opportunities. Limited incentives for renewable energy projects in both entities represent a significant impediment to full renewable energy sector development and by that – higher involvement of private sector in this branch of economy.
Such situation has been resulting with the limited opportunity for economic growth, exports, and job creation in B&H.
This project strives to support the establishment of sustainable system of biomass use and exploitation by defining an adequate policy, awareness and market value chain framework. By doing so, the Biomass follow-up project is aimed at continuing to strengthen and enhance the energy safety of rural communities throughout the country, while fostering the development of enterprises for processing locally available biomass, and setting up sustainable partnerships that contribute to the economic development of micro-regions.
What we do?
The overall objective of the Project is to contribute to the improvement of the B&H local population living standard by long-term reduction of the CO2 emissions. The main aim is to have an overall B&H tCO2 emissions per capita reduced by 3% by the year 2030. Based on the globally accepted baselines of the year 1990 (emissions of 8.97 tCO2 per capita).
Taking into consideration all the baseline data and potentials, as well as the administrative structure of B&H and its current wood biomass perspectives and approaches, the expected impact of the project includes the possibility to:
- enhance energy safety of rural communities and local population throughout the country,
- foster the development of enterprises for processing locally available biomass, and
- set up sustainable partnerships, that contribute to the economic development of micro-regions.
What have we accomplished so far?
Project achievements include:
- Baseline assessments of GHG emissions developed, published and distributed;
- A cost/benefit analysis and survey of the risk/capacities for biomass use, biomass supply and demand in the Srebrenica region developed, published and distributed;
- Heating systems in the project area assessed;
- Five relevant solid bio-fuel EU standards translated into the local language in support of the National Institute for Standardisation and currently awaiting official adoption;
- In co-operation with UNDP’s Srebrenica Regional Recovery Programme (SRRP), the heating distribution systems of six elementary schools cleaned and repaired;
- The BiH Biomass Association established and legally registered;
- Assistance provided for the facilitation of wood biomass marketing and promotional activities within BiH;
- With support from SRRP a biomass briquettes-fuelled boiler was installed in Srebrenica;
- The publication 'Energy and Environment' adapted and translated and awareness-raising and training programmes for local teachers and pupils designed;
- Teachers in primary and secondary schools received training (four training modules) on renewable energy sources with a focus on biomass, and were then able to share this knowledge with their students;
- A competitive exhibition on renewable energy sources was organised; and
- Activities were held on promotion and marketing in the biomass sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Leaning on the results and achievements of previous biomass-related projects, this project seeks to accomplish and improve the following aspects:
- Developed policy for sustainable biomass utilization in B&H are reflected to the legislation and use in practice - this output will include an aim of reviewing and adopting at least one policy document until the end of project duration. Additionally, the goal is to have an updated version of Renewable energy action plan of B&H in terms of wood biomass and ensure its adoption for use in practice until January 2018.
- Improve the quality and availability of the wood biomass, as an energy carrier for heating purposes, due to the adoption and use of improved methods of biomass processing - this output will focus at identification, quantification and mapping of biomass exploitation in B&H, which should be completed by December 2018. Emphasis shall be given to supporting forest governance mechanisms, which should be developed in order to support best practices in forestry (including best operational methods and BAT – Best Available Techniques) while pinpointing recommendations to increase utilization and quality of wood biomass.
- Increase the number of implemented Renewable Energy Sources (RES) infrastructural projects due to the newly developed business models and financial schemes for investment in biomass - the output will target completion of at least three RES infrastructure projects implemented until the end of 2018, as well as at least another 6 RES infrastructure projects implemented based on newly developed financial schemes until 2020.