HIV/AIDS has had limited impact so far in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) with only 74 reported cases of people living with the disease and currently on antiretroviral therapy. Although the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in BiH is low, the focus on preventing an increase in infection is high. Early identification of the disease enables individuals to take actions that benefit both their own health and public health, and the early treatment of those infected substantially reduces the risk of HIV transmission to others.
About one third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis (TB) bacteria, however only a small proportion of those infected will become sick with TB. Up to 20 million lives have been saved since 1995 through the DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short-course) and the Stop TB Strategies. Bosnia and Herzegovina is categorised as having an “intermediate” tuberculosis (TB) burden, with approximately 1,400 new tuberculosis cases reported annually over the last few years and a TB-related mortality rate of 6.8%. The majority of TB patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be cured with TB drugs as part of the standard treatment course, while resistance to those drugs is rare.
The overall project objective is to improve the quality of life of the citizens of BiH, through enhancing local services and increasing democratic accountability and social inclusion. The project purpose is to foster the engagement of citizens in municipal decision making, in the provision of municipal quality services and in the implementation of local development initiatives by reinforcing the democratic role of MZs in BiH.
According to Human development reports, there is increasing evidence that anti-corruption efforts are contributing to the promotion of transparency and accountability in the decision-making process. While corruption is a difficult phenomenon to measure, due to its complexity, more evidence is emerging on the correlation between corruption indicators and economic and human development indicators.
UNDP with the support of USAID is implementing a one-year regional project for Eastern Europe, with specific focus on Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Serbia that has been designed to contribute to the reduction of inequalities and exclusion experienced by LGBTI people, by combating homophobia and transphobia.