Explosive Ordnance and Remnants of War Destruction (Project EXPLODE)
Function of the project
Bosnia and Herzegovina is one the most mine contaminated countries in the world. It is estimated that half a million unregulated weapons remain in civilian hands, and large amounts of ammunition and unexploded ordnances, remnants from the 1992-95 war, still threaten the security of citizens.
Perhaps the most alarming of all statistics is that there are still over 16,500 tonnes of military ammunition surplus in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are chemically unstable and represent a high risk of uncontrolled explosions, endangering both civilians living nearby and soldiers guarding the storage sites.
What we do
Project EXPLODE is a follow-up initiative to the Small Arms Control and Reduction project, which was carried out by UNDP between 2005-2012. So far, over 11,500 tonnes of ammunition has been destroyed, including all known and reported quantities of cluster munitions, as well as over 140,000 pieces of weaponry.
Uncontrolled explosions of munitions sites cause humanitarian crisis of wider scope that have devastating safety and development implications for local communities. In order to prevent these explosions, the Project destroys unsafe ammunition and upgrades the safety features of munitions storage sites. Recognizing the need for sustainability of these strategies, Project EXPLODE contains a targeted training programme on ammunition stockpiles management for senior officers of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Responding to devastating floods that hit BiH in 2014, the Project assists the Demining Battalion of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in increasing the rate of mine clearance in alignment with the most recent international mine action standards. Specifically as a post-flood recovery intervention, Project EXPLODE mitigates the risk of possible landslides that endanger ammunition storage and disposal facilities.
The project is implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
Project EXPLODE activities include:
- Destroying high hazard ammunition and complex weapon systems;
- Supporting the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the reduction of military ammunition stockpiles to manageable quantities;
- Conducting training for senior military officers to build their capacities;
- Directly building capacities of the Demining Battalion of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- Certifying ammunition specialists for ammunition inspection and demilitarization; and
- Implementing infrastructure upgrades to improve the safety and storage conditions of military weapons and ammunition storage depots.
Success thus far
The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with UNDP support, has achieved the following results:
- Disposal of over 10,500 tonnes of ammunition and 125,000 pieces of small arms and light weapons since 2006;
- Over 2,100 tonnes of chemically unstable conventional artillery ammunition disposed of, including around 10 million pieces of unsafe small arms and ammunition, since the onset of the Project;
- Successful implementation of the High Hazardous Munitions Destruction project, which includes the destruction of all known and reported quantities of cluster bombs, rockets and other cluster munitions;
- Doubled capacity for ammunition disposal between 2010-2012;
- Installation of high technology disposal machinery.
Goals moving forward
- Expeditious disposal of the remaining unstable and hazardous munitions stockpiles;
- Continued use of new technologies and application of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and rigorous safety standards;
- Further improvement of the conditions of weapons and ammunition storage depots and training of military personnel in physical security and stockpile management.
|Donor Name||Amount contributed per year|
|European Union||$ 6,020,456|
|The Netherlands through BCPR||$ 123,283|
|United Kingdom through BCPR||$ 24,644|
|Norway through BCPR||$ 312,000|
|Sweden through BCPR||$ 554,655|
|European Union||$ 3,456,824|
|Swedish Armed Forces||$ 235,545|
|Sweden and Germany through BCPR||$ 695,000|
|The Netherlands||$ 105,545|
|European Union||$ 2,794,239|
Delivery In the Previous Fiscal Years
|December 2012||$ 726,043.94|
|December 2011||$ 2,964,891.11|
|December 2010||$ 1,588,803.19|
|December 2009||$ 1,891,550.44|
|December 2008||$ 761,775.28|
|December 2007||$ 504,788.48|
"METAMORPHOSIS" - making of a disarmament sculpture by Darko Sobot