Explosive Ordnance and Remnants of War Destruction (Project EXPLODE)

What is the project about?

The picture is showing the demilitarization of the rocket type “Orkan” used as a carrier for cluster sub-ammunition. All rocket were disassembled and components were destroyed beyond repair.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is one the most mine contaminated countries in the world. It is estimated that half a million uncontrolled weapons remain in civilian hands and large amounts of ammunition and unexploded ordinance, remnants from the 1992-95 war, still threaten the security of citizens.

Perhaps the most alarming of all statistics is that there are still over 16,500 tons of military ammunition surpluses in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These are chemically unstable and represent a high risk of uncontrolled explosion, thus posing a risk to both civilians living nearby and soldiers guarding the storage sites.

What we do?

“Bomb train” the picture is showing the preparation of the air cluster bombs for destruction – by open detonation on Glamoc range, Bosnia Herzegovina. The open detonation was necessary due to the fact that the complexity of the system was such that a process of reverse engineering would pose danger to operators and would last much longer. Bombs destroyed with no pollution or damage to the surrounding area.

Project EXPLODE is a follow-up initiative based on the Small Arms Control and Reduction project, which was carried out by UNDP between 2005-2012. Until today over 11,500 tonnes of ammunition has been destroyed including all known and reported quantities of cluster munitions as well as over 140,000 pieces of weapons.

Uncontrolled explosions of munitions sites cause humanitarian crisis of wider scope that have devastating safety and development implications for local communities. In order to prevent these explosions, the Project destroys unsafe ammunition and upgrades safety features of munitions storage sites. Recognizing the need for sustainability of the intervention, Project EXPLODE designs a targeted training programme on ammunition stockpiles management for senior officers of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Responding to devastating floods that hit Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2014, the Project assists the Demining Battalion of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina increase the rate of mine clearance in line with the most recent international mine action standards. As a specific post-flood recovery intervention, Project EXPLODE remediates the landslide that endangers ammunition storage and disposal facility.

The project is implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

Project EXPLODE activities include:

  • Destroying high hazardous ammunition and complex weapon systems;
  • Supporting the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in reducing military ammunition stockpiles to manageable quantities;
  • Conducting training for senior military officers to build their capacities;
  • Improving capacities of the Demining Battalion of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Certifying ammunition specialists for ammunition inspection and demilitarization; and
  • Implementing infrastructure upgrades to improve the safety and storage conditions of military weapons and ammunition storage depots.

What we have accomplished so far?

The Pull apart machine with two automated lines and protective bunker, newly installed in the Ministry of defense facility in Doboj for ammunition disposal.

The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with UNDP support, has achieved the following results:

  • Disposal of over 10,500 tonnes of ammunition and 125,000 pieces of small arms and light weapons since 2006;
  • Over 2,100 tonnes of chemically unstable conventional artillery ammunition disposed of including around 10 million pieces of unsafe small arms and ammunition since the start of the Project;
  • Successful implementation of the High Hazardous Munitions Destruction project, which includes the destruction of all known and reported quantities of cluster bombs, rockets and other cluster munitions;
  • The capacity for ammunition disposal was doubled  between 2010-2012;
  • Installation of high technology disposal machinery.

Continued action

  1. Expeditious disposal of remaining unstable and hazardous munitions stockpiles;
  2. Use of new technologies and application of the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and rigorous safety standards;
  3. Further improvement of the conditions of weapons and ammunition storage depots and continued training of military personnel in physical security and stockpile management.

Who finances it?

Donor Name Amount contributed per year
European Union $ 6,020,456
DFID $ 668,670
The Netherlands through BCPR $ 123,283
United Kingdom through BCPR $ 24,644
BCPR $ 26,779
Norway through BCPR $ 312,000
DFID $ 270,224
Sweden through BCPR $ 554,655
Spain $ 354,610
Denmark $ 50,000
European Union $ 3,456,824
AECID $ 388,802
Swedish Armed Forces $ 235,545
Denmark $ 223,214
Sweden and Germany through BCPR $ 695,000
The Netherlands $ 105,545
European Union $ 2,794,239
Belgium $ 191,816
Italy $ 42,135

Delivery In Previous Fiscal Year

December 2012 $ 726,043.94
December 2011 $ 2,964,891.11
December 2010 $ 1,588,803.19
December 2009 $ 1,891,550.44
December 2008 $ 761,775.28
December 2007 $ 504,788.48

Geographic coverage

"METAMORPHOSIS" - making of a disarmament sculpture by Darko Sobot


Project Overview
Project start date:
Estimated end date:
Geographic coverage:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Focus Area:
Justice and Security
Project manager:
Jasmin Porobić
United Nations Development Programme, European Union, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Ministry of Defence BiH
Related documents
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina 2013-2016

The Strategy is a comprehensive document that aims to enhance efficiency of all stakeholders in the area of SALW control in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Small Arms Survey 2010/2011

The aim of the Small Arms Survey is to offer empirically-based facts on the overall presence and impact of SALW in BiH and the cor¬responding potential for their presence to a destabilising affect on the peaceful and secure environment in the country.

What Does It Take to Absorb the Convention on Cluster Munitions? The Case of Bosnia and Herzegovina

This study assesses the capacity of Bosnia and Herzegovina to absorb its commitments stemming from the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM).


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